Gender violence, as well as domestic violence against women, continues to be, at the moment, an all too common problem in society. However, public awareness, together with the application of new laws and protection measures, is helping to see little by little the light at the end of the tunnel. In this article we want to make a presentation about how to act in the event of a crime of these characteristics.
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What is gender violence?
The first thing we want to do is differentiate the different types of violence that exist, although it is true that we will focus on gender and domestic or intrafamily violence. This is mainly due to the fact that both terms are often misused, interpreting that they are synonymous when, in fact, they are not.
Gender-based violence is that which is carried out against women for the mere fact of being. In addition, it can occur within the home, but also outside (at work, in social and family relationships or in any area of public life). It is based, mainly, on the supposed superiority of the male sex over the female.
What is intra-family or domestic violence?
Domestic violence is that which occurs solely and exclusively within the home. In fact, that’s where its name comes from since the prefix ‘domo-‘ means ‘house’. In this case, this type of psychological, physical, verbal or any other type of violence does not have to be carried out by men.
Many cases are included within the concept of domestic or violence. In fact, the violence exercised by a mother over her children or vice versa, a grandfather over her grandchildren, etc., would be labeled in this way. In short, all that occurs within the family.
Differences between domestic and gender violence
Having launched both definitions, it is possible to reach some conclusions. In the first place, gender violence can occur within domestic violence but, as soon as it occurs outside the home, it is no longer classifiable within that term. Likewise, domestic violence includes, in addition to that, many other cases of physical or psychological violence that occur within the family and between relatives of any kind.
How to act in case of domestic violence against women?
Domestic violence against women, in most cases, can be framed within the concept of gender violence. In this sense, there are a series of measures that must be adopted as soon as possible to prevent the damage from becoming more serious.
- Request assistance by phone
All women have the free number 016 at their disposal. This is operational 365 days a year, 24 hours a day and leaves no trace on the bill, so no one will know that they have called when reviewing it. In the event that the call occurs in a situation of immediate danger, the team of professionals who operate there refer the call to the emergency number. If not, they proceed to inform and advise on all available resources.
Obviously, conventional security services are also available to women victims of domestic or gender violence. In this sense, they can call the Civil Guard telephone number or, directly, their Women and Minors Team. They can also telephone the National Police or go to the Women’s Attention Service at the nearest police station, as well as contact the Local Police or go to the Service for Attention to Victims of Domestic Violence.
- Go immediately to a hospital or health center
The next step is to go to a hospital or health center in order for the corresponding team of doctors to make a complete examination and determine the damage suffered. In this sense, if you have suffered a violation, you just have to ask the staff to make a specific review. In any case, they will be in charge, without the victim’s intervention, of transferring the medical report to the Guard Court. Of course, this has to ask for the injury report. On the other hand, if the woman finds it impossible to go to the medical center, she can call the emergency service and ask the Emergency Service to go where she is.
- Report the Aggression
Complaints are the main weapons to combat mistreatment of women. For this reason, it is important that, after obtaining the injury report, you go to the Civil Guard barracks, the police station or the nearest court to file the corresponding. There you will have to tell everything that happened and identify the aggressor. It is also important to specify if you have children and if they are in a dangerous situation. The victim has the right, at that time, to request the assistance of a lawyer.
- Request the protection order
This order is immediately granted to the victim. In fact, it can be requested by her or any other close relative. Then, you just have to present it in court, at the police station or at the Civil Guard headquarters.
- The option to leave home
Women who are victims of this type of violence must know that they do not have to be afraid to leave their home. In fact, they can do so freely without giving up any of their rights after filing the complaint. However, they can also do so under the same conditions as long as they file it within 30 days. Furthermore, this may or may not be accompanied by the demand for separation. For their part, if there is any fear of returning to collect personal items, the Civil Guard and the Police will accompany the victim.
In summary, this is the usual protocol of action in cases of domestic violence against women. We hope we have been helpful.
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