The footwear shelters, protects, models and provides balance when walking. Therefore, when buying shoes for the little ones it is necessary to take into account the shape, the material and the type of footwear, in relation to the age of the child and the season of the year.
It is essential to buy comfortable shoes, quality and design, which also offer aeration. And in turn, the model must allow support the entire foot and not a part. This is matter because the feet must be comfortable to support the weight of the whole body.
How should footwear be according to age?
At this stage, there is no need to worry much about the issue of shoes as it is not yet they walk. Yes, they are able to keep warm the feet of the baby. As these are still very delicate, the footwear must be soft, flexible, airy and, above all things, very comfortable.
They should be manufactured with light and soft materials such as cloth, wool, leather or canvas. And the plant, it has to be as thin as possible so that it does not bother. You have to take care that it does not have seems like that injuries are avoided.
The footwear must be selected, according to the child’s age and development stage. Human beings walk, more or less, throughout life, 200,000 kilometres, and we must be prepared for it. We must have good organs both in the legs and foot to develop the march.
In this sense, it is also very important to wear shoes of an appropriate size. This is a call for those parents who, thinking of saving money and time, decide to buy their children larger ones to be durable or to preserve those that are old and small until the child wears them out.
The footwear has two functions. The first refers to the protection given to the foot, having contact with the ground; the second, to the support or support to maintain an adequate posture of the organ. But, when it is used improperly it can cause irreversible negative consequences in the march or in the acquisition of bad postures.
When it is very large, deformities, traumas, abuse and injuries occur. If the shoe is small, poor support and muscle retractions are generated. The march will be painful and ineffective. By removing the shoe, can generate pressure areas that injure the skin or tissues after it. That is, marks are formed that produce redness and, in some cases, can precede the presence of ulcers (sore or open wound).
Remember that here at Happy Feet Pedorthics we can help you find the best option for you; we’ll assist you in the selection of shoes for your daily routine. You will improve your daily activities consistently and ensure you remain comfortable and relaxed knowing your feet are protected while running, practising any other exercise or just wearing them whenever you have to do something and you know you will walk for a long time. Keep your feet safe with top quality shoes.
Shoe and the ideal size
The baby’s foot is made up of fatty tissue, ligaments and cartilage; for them, it is advisable to use a footwear made of cloth that protects them from cold and possible injuries. When they start to crawl, the ideal is to wear more flexible shoes.
Generally, after the year they start walking. As they grow, the muscles become stronger and collective motor control is presented. That is, the brain sends the order so that the child can walk; then, it is already deploying the heel and the tip.
For walkers, the shoes should be stronger and should cover both the toe and the heel. According to the experts, the shoe must be half an inch longer than the foot of the child. That is, there should be a little more than one centimetre of space, from the tip of the child’s finger to the front of the shoe, so that the fingers move freely.
After 3 or 4 years, as the child rests on the ground, the plantal arch is formed. In this stage, in addition to making the measurement described above, the size of the shoe can be calculated by placing the sole on the sole of the foot; the idea is that about a centimetre of the shoe, adds the physiatrist.
Shapes and materials
For the infant, during the first 5 years of age, children should wear shoes that have an elevation in the inner arch, a buttress in the inside and that a lift in the back of the foot (from behind). That is, they are type boots.
According to medical experts, the function of giving stability to the foot is not given by boots, but by the ligaments and muscles. Therefore, the ideal is that the heel is always covered.
The specialists confirm in which the tip of the infant footwear must be round. It is ideal to have a non-slip sole and be made of leather, fabric or rubber, depending on the activities carried out.
Can we walk barefoot?
Contrary to what many parents think, walking without shoes does not cause deformities in the foot or cause annoying and common bunions.
When children walk barefoot, they could only be exposed to injuries, because they hardly detect elements that could injure the sole of the foot. But, medically, there is no contraindication.
In this regard, physiatrists say that being temporarily without shoes is good for a child who is growing. When the child is in contact with different textures and surfaces, the development of sensitivity is much better than that of a child who is never in contact with any surface. Thus, the child will improve his proprioception, coordination and neurodevelopment. In addition, he can coordinate the passage in an irregular terrain.
It should be noted that you should do it only in safe and protected spaces.
Here at Happy Feet Pedorthics we can help you find the best option for you, we’ll assist you in the selection of shoes for your daily routine. Measuring your feet is the first step in order to make your new shoes fit accurately, then we will recommend the most comfortable design for you.