Experts say that natural grass, with walks through the meadow and less feed and hours of stable, improves the quality of milk. A report argues that expanding the stables, treating the animal with affection and even naming it increase productivity
Raising a dairy cow, which produces quality raw material and holds the pull is not easy. According to most farmers, the challenge is to get good and abundant milk at the lowest possible costs. For this there are some tricks.
Remember that improper treatment of the hooves in the cattle is among the major reasons that cause the premature loss of an animal. Here at Victorian Hoof Care Services we’ll be happy to assist you.
The sector is not to shoot long. Milk in the field is priced less than ever – just 30 cents per litter. Farmers say that producing a litter costs them more. With this panorama there is a proliferation in studies on costs and profitability. Experts have pledged to help the rancher to lower costs. The simplest way is to increase forage rations and reduce those of compound feed.
The fact is that cows do not understand macroeconomics. In them, nature commands. And in the case of beef, it sends its ruminant status. In the adult stage, the cow has four stomachs. Each one of them has different functions in the digestion process. They are prepared to eat forages and grains. The crisis of the “mad cow”, caused by the ingestion of meat flours, made it clear.
Researchers on milking cows
According to important researchers in the field, new trends advocate for a return to the prairies. Many experts point out that a change of habits in the farmer is necessary. The milk gains in quality if the cattle graze freely every day.
Everything requires an effort. Every morning they must leave the block and pick themselves up in the afternoon. In this way, the use of feed and cereals is limited to the nutritional supplements necessary for the milk to reach the ideal level of protein.
After the first 3 months calves feed on breast milk. From that moment on, they can consume fodder. Grains and pastures commonly used to feed cows are corn, alfalfa, barley, ryegrass silage and oats, among others. Natural grass also offers cattle the possibility of exercising, a factor that plays in favour of the quality of milk.
In the block cows need to have a good feeding area and plenty of water. To eat, the ideal space is 61 centimetres per animal. The design of the feeder should be a smooth surface and be between 8 and 13 centimetres above the level of the cow.
Water is the cheapest nutrient available to the dairy farm. The drinkers should be cleaned daily. After milking they love to drink warm water. It is a good opportunity to recycle the water coming from the milk cooling plates.
The gestation of the cow lasts about nine months; at the end of this period milk production begins for the newborn. The period of milk production is variable. A standard Friesian maintains milk production about 305 days. Some even produce up to 12,000 litres in this period. A calf requires only 1,000 for its development. Ranchers find it difficult to maintain the useful life of a dairy cow for more than four years. Overexertion takes its toll even in the most select genetics.
These are some habits that help rise healthy cattle for top-quality milk.
A healthy and balanced diet is the basis of quality milk, with just levels of fat and protein. Experts advocate providing forage, fresh and silage, cereals and reduced doses of high quality feed. Water is another essential component of the vaccine diet.
Like people, cows feel better if they exercise daily. The muscles are oxygenated and the quality of the milk increases.
Named cows produce more milk and are happier. Says a study conducted by the University of Newcastle, in the United Kingdom. Animals that are called by an appellative establish a relationship of trust with the farmer. The result is that they produce more milk.
A decent roof
The design of the barn is not nonsense. Each cow must have enough space so that it can balance properly to get up. Says Andrew Johnson, a veterinarian at the University of Minnesota, an expert on dairy farm projects.
A good mattress
It is not necessary to reach the viscoelastic material, but neither to reduce the mattress of the cow to a mass of straw. The ideal is the use of inorganic bedding as sand. A trick to save sand is to bury tires as a base.
Ventilation is another important aspect of comfort. The best is the natural one. If this is not possible, it is necessary to support with mechanical ventilation. The mild Asturian temperatures are ideal for livestock.
Hygiene in animals is an essential aspect of cattle as it is in people. The care of the hooves should not be reserved only for competitions. They are the base that supports hundreds of kilos. Cow should be clean, dry and comfortable 24 hours a day. It is important to remember that hooves need attention since they can get infections due to being in contact with mud and dirt constantly. Here at Victorian Hoof Care Services you can forget about your cows’ hooves since we will take care of them properly and help you keep your cow healthy and strong for daily milk production.
Another aspect to take into account is hot temperatures. In the first place, cows overwhelmed by the heat increase their respiratory rate: the normal one is between 35 to 50 movements per minute and when they are stressed they overcome the 80 movements. In addition, they breathe with their mouths open – they breathe – and their tongues hang from their mouths. It is also frequent that the salivation is excessive and that they lose saliva by mouth. Keep cattle fresh during the summer!