The rugs, in addition to being useful in decoration and insulating our feet from the cold of the ground, are the ideal place for various species of insects or bugs to nest. Its proliferation may in some cases require the services of pest control companies, especially in carpets in public places such as nurseries, hotels, cinemas and homes.
Carpet beetles are household pests capable of destroying various household items. Inspection and knowledge of your habits can prevent costly destruction.
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The life cycle and habits
Carpet beetles (female) will lay 50 to 100 small, white, pearlized eggs on protected surfaces near a food source, such as lint around baseboards, in ducts of boiler systems, and in the clothing made of wool in storage. Larvae appear after eggs hatch after 6 to 11 days in warm weather, although they may take longer in cold weather. The larva’s lifespan is 250 to 650 days, mostly spent digging for protein-rich food in dark areas. By the time the larvae reach adulthood, carpet beetles will live for just a few weeks or months longer, and will stop damaging household items. Unlike larvae, adults are attracted to light and can be found hovering around windows or feeding on pollen outside.
The types of carpet beetles
- The Black Carpet Beetle: Adults are oval and shiny black with brownish legs. They range in length from 1/8-inch (3.18mm) to 3/16-inch (4.76mm). Larvae are golden to brown in color, and about 1/2-inch (12.7mm) long. The body is narrow and elongated, tapering to the rear.
- Varied Carpet Beetle (Anthrenus verbasci): Adults are 1/10-inch (2.54mm) to 1/8-inch (3.18mm) long and nearly round. The upper surface is usually gray, with a mixture of white, brown and yellow scales, and uneven crossed black bands. The underside has long, gray and yellow scales. Larvae are about 1/4-inch (6.35mm) long, and light to dark brown in color. The body is wide and is wider at the rear than at the front.
- Furniture Carpet Beetle: Adults are 1/16-inch (1.59mm) to 1/8-inch (3.18mm) long, nearly round and whitish, bumpy with black spots, each outlined with color scales yellowish orange. The underside is white and the legs have yellow scales. Larvae are about 1/4-inch (6.35mm) long, elongated and oval, and densely covered with brownish hair.
- The Common Carpet Beetle: Adults are 1/10-inch (2.54mm) to 1/8-inch (3.18mm) long, nearly round, and gray to black in color. They have minute whitish scales and a band of orange and red scales on the center of the back and around the eyes. Larvae are similar to those of assorted beetles and carpet furniture.
Damage and inspection
Carpet beetle larvae prefer to forage in dark, sheltered places, consuming and damaging wool, fur, silk, cashmere, bone, and synthetic and cellulose-based fibers that contain some amount of animal fiber. Holes in the fabric, typical of carpet beetle infestation Check for larvae and their skins emptied under baseboards, and in and under upholstered furniture, air ducts, dolls, cereals and grains awaited, abandoned bird nests and wasps under eaves, and in attics, and closets. Stored items are vulnerable to severe damage, so periodically inspect wool fabrics and other prone items. Also, inspect for improperly sealed windows, as those are the likely entry points for carpet beetles, although the bugs are small enough that it may be impossible to prevent their entry completely.
It is important for the home owner to know about the difference between damage caused by carpet beetles and damage caused by other pests, such as moths. Fortunately, the distinction is simple; Moth infestations are often accompanied by adult moths flying nearby, and you will likely find adult moths, pupa covers, or cocoons and larvae on your clothing. Carpet beetles are less noticeable, as they typically move elsewhere after feeding, and adults send much of their time outside. Telltale signs of beetle-damaged clothing include small, irregular holes, especially around the neck.
- Permethrin: This product is relatively safe and is recommended for light infestations.
- Cyfluthrin: This poison lasts longer than permethrin.
- Pheromone traps: These baits attract adults with special and sexual odors, attracting them to the glue from which they cannot escape. This method will decrease the number of active adults, which, in return, will reduce the risk of future infestations elsewhere in the building.
- Diatomite and Aero gel silica: Those substances, known as triggers, cause insects to lose their moisture and, in small amounts, they are relatively harmless to humans.
- Sanitation is the best way to avoid infestations caused by carpet beetles. Vacuum and sweep carpets, curtains, cabinets, drawers, upholstery, air ducts, corners, skirting boards, and other places where lint and hair accumulate frequently.
- Wash your clothes to remove adults, larvae, eggs or pupae. Be sure to throw away the badly infested pieces.
- Take out dead insects and rodents. Carpet beetles feed on animal waste, including their droppings and carcasses, so be sure to check for dead bugs, especially around window sills, and control any rodent populations in your home. Avoid poisonous baits, as a dying mouse can be found faster by beetles than by you.
- Thoroughly inspect second-hand items before bringing them into your home and wash them immediately, as carpet beetles often finger travel home in clothing, rugs, blankets, and other items that come from animals.
- Seal windows and other openings tightly, especially near flowers and shrubs, where adults can be found.
In summary, carpet beetles are a common source of damaged household items, and care should be taken to prevent infestation.
You can contact Brisbane Terminator today and enjoy the services of truly skilled experts with many years of experience offering second to none services. Call us now!