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Corns and calluses are hard and thick layers of skin that appear when the skin tries to protect itself from friction and pressure. They almost always form on the fingers or toes. Corns and calluses can be unpleasant.

If you are a healthy person, you only need treatment for corns and calluses if they cause you discomfort. For most people, simply eliminating the source of friction or pressure causes calluses and calluses to disappear.

If you have diabetes or any other disease that decreases blood circulation to the feet, you have a higher risk of complications from calluses and calluses. Ask your doctor about proper care of corns and calluses if you have any of these diseases.

You could have a callus or corns if you observe:

  • An area of ​​thick and hard skin
  • A hard and raised bump
  • Sensitivity or pain under the skin
  • Waxy, dry or flaky skin
  • Corns and calluses are not the same.

Calluses are smaller than calluses and have a hard centre surrounded by inflamed skin. Corns usually appear on the part of the feet that does not support weight, such as the tips and sides of the fingers and even between the toes. They can also be found in points that support weight. Calluses can be painful when pressure is placed on them.

Calluses are rarely painful. In general, they form on the soles of the feet, especially under the heels or the metatarsal region, on the palms or on the knees. Calluses vary in size and shape, and are often larger than calluses.

Bear in mind that here at Happy Feet Pedorthics we will help you feel comfortable wearing the right type of shoes according to the activities you do.

When to consult the doctor

If a callus or callus becomes very painful or inflamed, consult your doctor. If you have diabetes or poor blood flow, call your doctor before treating a callus or calluses on your own, as even a small foot injury could cause an infected open wound (ulcer).


The pressure and friction caused by repetitive actions make calluses and calluses appear and grow. The following are some sources of pressure and friction:

Wear shoes that don’t fit well. Tight and high-heeled shoes can compress some areas of the foot. When the footwear is loose, the foot can slip several times and rub against the shoe. The foot can also be rubbed against a seam or stitch that is inside the shoe.

Do not wear socks. Wearing shoes and sandals without socks can cause foot friction. Socks that don’t fit properly can also be a problem.

Play musical instruments or use hand tools. Calluses on the hands may appear because of the repeated pressure exerted when playing a musical instrument, using hand tools or even writing.

The following factors may increase the risk of corns and calluses:

  • A bunion is an abnormal bone bump that forms at the base of the big toe joint.
  • Hammer toe. Hammer toe is a deformity in which the toe bends like a claw.
  • Other deformities of the foot. Some conditions, such as osteophytes, can cause a constant rubbing inside the shoe.
  • Do not protect your hands. Using hand tools without gloves exposes the skin to excessive friction.


The following approaches can help you prevent corns and calluses:

Wear shoes that have ample room for the fingers. If you can’t move your fingers, the shoes are very tight. Ask a shoemaker to stretch them in the part that they squeeze or prick you.

Use protective coatings. Use felt templates, templates for non-medicinal corns or bandages in places where the footwear squeezes. You can also try toe separators or put some sheep wool between the toes.

Use padded gloves when using hand tools. Or, try coating your hand tools with cloth tape or some coating.

Steps to follow:

  1. To avoid the formation of calluses it is essential to wear comfortable shoes, preferably organic materials such as leather. The shoe should not bother any part of the foot, otherwise with the rubbing of the day to day it is likely that they begin to form calluses that will then be difficult to remove.


  1. Avoid shoes with very thin toes that do not allow your fingers to be comfortable. This type of footwear favours the production of corns.


  1. If you are one of those who use socks very often then always choose those of soft materials, without any design, rather smooth avoiding those of the sporty type with too thick seams. Tights with bad finishes or designs could bother you, cause rubbing and eventually form small corns that can later become a problem for you.


  1. In addition to these preventive measures it is important that you pay attention to your feet. Every two weeks immerse them in water and use special products to remove hardness, there are currently many moisturisers on the market. If necessary, use a pumice stone to soften the skin.


  1. Do not forget to give your feet the same attention you give to other parts of the body, every night hydrate them with a concentrated cream, this will help prevent the formation of calluses and allow you to look beautiful and healthy.

Here at Happy Feet Pedorthics we can help you find the best option for you, we’ll assist you in the selection of shoes for your daily routine.